Cardiovascular
diseases

As the leading cause of death in the world, cardiovascular diseases are one of the key activities "Medical On Group Investment".

Every year, cardiovascular diseases cause more than 17 million deaths worldwide. In Russia, mortality from circulatory system diseases ranks first. Every year 19-20 million patients with cardiovascular –cardiovascular diseases are registered in Russia. They account for 55.4% of all deaths., 43,3% – disability, 9% – temporary incapacity for work. The main causes of high mortality from circulatory system diseases are coronary heart disease   and cerebrovascular diseases.

The most dangerous cardiovascular diseases are heart attack and stroke, which are based on  Atherothrombosis –thrombosis of the main arteries.

Atherothrombosis is characterized by sudden damage to an atherosclerotic plaque leading to activation  platelet and blood clot formation. Every year, more than 32 million cases of atherothrombotic complications, such as myocardial infarction or ischemic stroke, are recorded in the world. Atherothrombosis causes a significant decrease in life expectancy - approximately 8 - 12 years in people older than 60 years..
 

Risk factors

  • Suffered a heart attack or stroke or peripheral artery disease
  • High blood pressure 
  • High cholesterol
  • Diabetes
  • Obesity
  • Low physical activity
  • Smoking

An important role in the development of atherothrombosis is played by age and heredity; unfortunately we cannot change these risk factors. If a person has suffered a heart attack or stroke, or suffers from peripheral artery disease, then it can be considered a high-risk group – this means that it is especially important for him to act.However, there are a number of measures that will allow any person to reduce the risk of developing atherothrombosis and help avoid a heart attack, stroke, peripheral artery disease or death from cardiovascular diseases.


Control symptoms

Knowing the symptoms of diseases can save your life. Although heart attack, stroke, and peripheral arterial disease affect different parts of the body, they have a common connection – atherothrombosis. In addition, if a patient has symptoms of atherothrombosis of one organ, then it is very likely that there will be similar changes in the vessels of other parts of the body; for example, if a person suffers from peripheral artery disease, he or she is at increased risk of having a heart attack or stroke.


If any of the following symptoms occur, consult a doctor immediately.:

  • Pressing pain in the chest, which sometimes extends to the neck and arms
  • Pallor and sweating
  • Feeling of lack of air 
  • Weakness or inability to move one half of the body
  • Numbness in one half of the body 
  • Mist before eyes or loss of vision in one eye
  • Speech impairment
  • Difficulty in choosing the right words and a violation of understanding someone else' s speech 
  • Imbalance 
  • Leg pain when walking a certain distance

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